your ventilation, temperature, and relative humidity). The products that have made Minwax® an American icon will add color and beauty to your wood—in oil or water-based stains. You can also use mineral spirits. What’s important is ensuring the appropriate maintenance practice. C++20 behaviour breaking existing code with equality operator? You should, by now, know that polyurethane is a protective finish that offers protection to the underneath surface from wear and tear. It might take overnight drying time or as much as three days. After 10 minutes I wipe of the excess stain. The main difference is usually color: water based polyurethanes are completely clear and (again, if well engineered) will not yellow over time. A water-based poly, therefore, can easily scratch. There are two forms of polyurethane formulas that you can use for your wood finish. Pros/Cons of Applying Water Based Polyurethane Over Oil Based. Minwax Wood Finish Stain (oil-based). Sometimes it's difficult to tell when a oil stain is dry enough for a water based polyurethane. Wood that is gray, white or light looks better with a clear coat, i.e., a water based finish. We have listed the necessary steps for you to get your job done.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'woodcritique_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_0',108,'0','0'])); Once you are through with your applications, allow it time to dry thoroughly, which usually takes up to 10 hours following application. Does it make sense to use a linux-generic-hwe kernel on a non LTS version of Ubuntu? The stain was color matched to our new hickory floors, which are stained a medium-dark true brown (no yellow). Some brands take longer than others, but it is typically between 30 to 60 days. The stain was color matched to our new hickory floors, which are stained a medium-dark true brown (no yellow). It goes on and dries clear without adding a slight color, unlike the oil-based versions. Spray lacquer is commonly used on new furniture and in new construction. Did Proto-Indo-European put the adjective before or behind the noun? There are no significant advantages or disadvantages of applying water-based polyurethane over oil-based. Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. site design / logo © 2021 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. It can be applied over oil-based stains like Minwax® Wood Finish™ or Minwax® Gel Stain. Oil based polyurethane had the edge here for a while, but water based polyurethane (especially the self-crosslinking variety) has caught up – it’s now equal to solvent based products regarding scuff, mar, UV, water, and corrosion resistance. This should be ok if you gave the stain 3-4 days to properly dry out. SUBJECT: Minwax Water Based Polyurethane Over Minwax Wood Finish Stains. All of this is exactly as per instructions on products. Minwax Water-Based Polyurethane: Once the stain color is set and cured (passed the color-fast test), Allow final coat of stain to dry 8-24 hours (Dry time is affected by Please see this forum thread. If the stain is cured and inactive, Oil Based over Water Based. Color: The first noticeable difference between water and oil-based poly is the color. It might take overnight drying time or as much as three days. Very Quick Dry: The Minwax 710330000 Water Based Oil-Modified Polyurethane dries out very quickly so that you can be more efficient with your time. Can I put oil based polyurethane right after I wipe of the excess stain? It can also help bring out the beauty of wooden surfaces with the downside being it leaves a light-yellow tint. Water-based polyurethanes dry much faster. I'd like to use a water-based polyurethane over a staircase I stained last night with a Sherwin Williams oil-based stain to avoid yellowing. Afterwards I applied a water based matte poly, because I didn't want any yellow tint to show on the light gray color (see this question). Oil-based polyurethane is cheaper than water-based by a good margin. any color pick-up onto the cloth. Water-based polyurethane will give off little if any odor compared to oil-based poly—a real issue if your finish room happens to be in your basement. When using a water-based product over an oil-based product, such as water-based High Performance Topcoat over oil-based Gel Stain, wait 72 hours before applying the water-based product. A great finish to try is ZAR brand ULTRA Max – a waterborne oil modified polyurethane. In terms of durability, oil-based polyurethane has its water-based counterpart beat. Woodworking Myth: You should never put a water-based finish on top of an oil-based finish. Does exercising an option count as a gain? However, they have significant differences between them. Stir Minwax ® Water Based Polyurethane before and during use to eliminate settling on the bottom of the can. Why would someone get a credit card with an annual fee? Woodworking Myth: Never, ever put a water–based finish on top of an oil–based finish.. not only acceptable to use a water–based finish over and oil finish – provided you do.I use the General Finish High Performance Polyurethane top coat. Stain highlights grain patterns. Water Based Oil-Modified Polyurethane is ideal for use on all interior bare or stained wood surfaces including furniture, cabinets, doors and floors. Water Based Oil-Modified Polyurethane is ideal for use on all interior bare or stained wood surfaces including furniture, cabinets, doors and floors. But if you didn't experience major problems with beading of the waterbased poly as you were applying it I think you're OK. The products that have made Minwax® an American icon will add color and beauty to your wood—in oil or water-based stains. Since oil and water don't mix, this will help prevent the polyurethane from beading on the surface, like water on a freshly waxed car. Do I have to include my pronouns in a course outline? Price. Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers. That’s a vital feature that you must have if you have some kind of breathing issues. It can be applied over oil-based stains like Minwax® Wood Finish™ or Minwax® Gel Stain. Make sure that the water-based polyurethane coating is fully cured. BUT always test it first using a scrap of wood. You may apply the Minwax Water Based Polyurethane over a fully cured As with shellac, the water-based polyurethane does not hold up well to heat plus chemicals. Used water based with a water based stain underneath and oil based with an oil based stain. … usually yes— I do it all the time on my hardwood floors. You can as well use a vacuum cleaner, if you have one, to remove all the traces of dirt that remained after roughening. Thanks for contributing an answer to Woodworking Stack Exchange! Don’t do this if you haven’t raised the grain of your wood. Here is my caution with sealing furniture – be careful on your vertical surfaces. Remove them by sanding the wood with 120-grit sandpaper. Where can I use Water Based Oil-Modified Polyurethane? Steve Neul said: Sometimes it's difficult to tell when a oil stain is dry enough for a water based polyurethane. Stir in such a manner as to rotate the product from the bottom to the top of the can. Is it possible for planetary rings to be perpendicular (or near perpendicular) to the planet's orbit around the host star? I'd give it at least 3 or 4 days to dry before putting the clear finish over it. Ensure that you remove dirt, grease, and wax from the surface by scrubbing the surface using a wood cleaner or de-glosser. A well-engineered, water based polyurethane will be equal in clarity to oil-based polyurethane. This resin is hard but doesn’t provide the same protection as the oil-based resin which is far more resilient to wear and especial heat. Smell: Oil-based poly has a strong, pungent smell, whereas its water-based counterpart does not have any odor. You can apply water-based polyurethane over oil-based as long as you set suitable conditions for this to happen effectively. The stain was color matched to our new hickory floors, which are stained a medium-dark true brown (no yellow). Woodworking Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for professional and amateur woodworkers. The oil-based stain will require more time to dry and while this might be a disadvantage it is also an advantage as it makes it easier to get a more even finish. Then you can overcoat the shellac with your final finish after just waiting for the shellac to dry enough, perhaps as little as an hour. The oil-based and the water-based one. Oil based poly is darker as compared to the water based one which is clear. If you want to put a water-borne poly over an oil stain, in most cases you can. Nope – the same process works with pieces of wood or wood furniture. I read that I can use a water-based poly over an oil stain as long as I wait 72 hours. Water-based poly can have adhesion problems when applied over an oil-based stain that's not thoroughly cured. To quote from a Minwax representative: SUBJECT: Minwax Water Based Polyurethane Over Minwax Wood Finish with 100% pure mineral spirits. The question is. An oil based polyurethane will continue to amber and darken over time, while water based poly will remain clear for the lifetime of the hardwood floor. Can I apply water-based polyurethane over an oil based stain? Yes! You can also use mineral spirits. Water-based polyurethanes dry much faster. Penetrate deeper. Oil-based Polyurethane. When using an oil based topcoat over a water based stain or milk paint, allow water based finishes, such as HP topcoat to dry at least 24 hours before coating with an oil based product. How far would we have to travel to make all of our familiar constellations unrecognisable? Varathane applied over oil-based stain before it cured - fixes? To learn more, see our tips on writing great answers. Can you apply water-based polyurethane over oil-based? Drying times: Another significant difference between Water-based and oil-based polyurethane is the curing time. Obviously the time between stain and varnish application will be a factor. You may apply the Minwax Water Based Polyurethane over a fully cured Minwax Wood Finish Stain (oil-based). Happy Holidays All, I am building a wagon for my daughters and they would like it finished with a pink stain. Apply the new water-based finish following the recommendations by the manufacturers. It only takes a minute to sign up. A lot depends on the wood, the weather and how long you left it on before wiping it off. There is too many adhesion problems with polyurethane. Oil-based polyurethane is much higher in VOCs so it has a strong odor and is not environmentally friendly whereas water-based polyurethane is a low VOC product with little to no smell. Interior or Exterior stain for garage steps and shelves? You can apply water-based polyurethane over oil-based as long as you set suitable conditions for this to happen effectively.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'woodcritique_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_3',107,'0','0'])); Ensure that you remove dirt, grease, and wax from the surface by scrubbing the surface using a wood cleaner or de-glosser. Initially, it’s hard to tell the difference between the two; however, with time, the oil-based one will begin to exhibit an amber hue that darkens over time. Even with "super-blonde" shellac there's some yellow colour of course, but it's applied very thinly so the effect should be minimal. guidelines: To ensure the color fastness of Minwax Wood Finish prior to applying And if you're using a wipe-on finish, there's a chance the finish will pull some of the stain off the wood, so you need to be cautious not to wipe too hard or else you can get smearing. But you must follow ONE simple rule to ensure the best possible finish: the underlying finish must be absolutely dry. Does having no exit record from the UK on my passport risk my visa application for re entering? Yes! Minwax PolyShades is an oil based one-step stain and polyurethane finish that provides wood stain color and durable polyurethane protection. However, there is one thing that you need to have at the back of your mind before doing so. Wiped stain thoroughly, waited 60 hours before attempting to apply Minwax water based, oil-modified polyurethane, using synthetic bristle brush. That's why you should always apply a barrier coat of dewaxed shellac to seal oil-based stain. At this point, you have done the necessary preparation by cleaning and deglossing. Oil based poly darkens over time while water based remains clear throughout. Durability of Water Based vs Oil Based Polyurethane. That shouldn't be a problem, as long as your sure all the moisture in the water-based stain has evaporated. If you want to take an extra precaution you can use shellac as an intermediate coat. Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. What can be done to correct wipe-on poly that is still tacky after 24 hours? Water-based polyurethane doesn’t smell as bad as the oil-based systems, but the cautions still apply. The beauty of all our water-based sealers and topcoats is that they’ll level and adhere to whatever solvent- or oil-based stain you’ve used. Plotting datapoints found in data given in a .txt file, What Constellation Is This? any active/excess stain from surface and help the stain to cure out. The mix is not recommended for wood floors. I just finished a wood floor with oil based polyurethane.I only have one coat. usually yes— I do it all the time on my hardwood floors. Woodworking Myth: Never, ever put a water–based finish on top of an oil–based finish.. not only acceptable to use a water–based finish over and oil finish – provided you do.I use the General Finish High Performance Polyurethane top coat. SUBJECT: Minwax Water Based Polyurethane Over Minwax Wood Finish Stains You may apply the Minwax Water Based Polyurethane over a fully cured Minwax Wood Finish Stain (oil-based). Oil Based vs Water Based Stain. Warning. And actually, the answer is YES—you can use our EMTECH water-based sealer or top coat over the oil stain. the mineral spirits will not affect the color. BUT always test it first using a scrap of wood. Those chemicals make the finish tougher and allow it to last longer. You'll want the oil-based drying agent to completely vaporize from the stain before applying the water-based finish. Products like Parks Water-Based Polyurethane for Floors can be applied over oil-based poly ... however, you must buff sand the entire floor to break the existing gloss and completely remove the sanding dust before application. Can you apply water-based polyurethane over oil-based? Another disadvantage of using water-based polyurethane over oil-based is the cost. All they are concerned about is a barrier coat between the linseed oil in the stain and the epoxy. NOTE: The smell of oil-based poly can be nauseous, and it would help if you stay out of the house while it is drying. directions. Wipe clean the finish using a tack rag. Use 220-grit sandpaper and sand enough to dull the existing gloss, but not enough to impact the stained color of the wood. Finishing is not my strong point (yet) but I have understood that stains and oils both work by penetrating the wood. Allow the mineral spirits to evaporate/flash off the surface. I was just wondering, if I don't want to apply a second coat of stain, do I really need to wait 8 hours to apply polyurethene over top of the stain? Please use the following Recoating a water-based acrylic floor finish with oil-based polyurethane is not usually a problem, so long as the old finish is properly buffed and cleaned before applying the new finish. The water-based material is more expensive, so often you will pay around 10-25% more. rev 2021.1.8.38287, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, Woodworking Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site, Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us. It goes on and dries clear without adding a slight color, unlike the oil-based versions. If you love the natural look of maple, apply a water-based (waterborne) polyurethane. Can I apply polyurethane over oil before oil cures? Sand parallel with the grain only. [1] X Research source If you don't know whether or not it's fully cured, consider waiting 30 to 60 days. Almost everyone is slightly different. Oil based used to be unquestionably more durable. To add: from what I've been taught, shellac is kind of a universal finish in that, it can be applied over anything, and nearly anything can be applied over it. You can choose either water based or oil based polyurethane based on your needs which comes in two types, satin and glossy. The only stain I can find that in pink is water based. Water based polyurethane: If you want your floor to stay the same color, choose water-based polyurethane. When using a water-based product over an oil-based product, such as water-based High Performance Topcoat over oil-based Gel Stain, wait 72 hours before applying the water-based product. Finally, water-based poly dries a lot faster, giving dust less time to settle out of the air into your finish. Minwax PolyShades is an oil based one-step stain and polyurethane finish that provides wood stain color and durable polyurethane protection. So far so good, but am I likely to have problems with poly adhesion in the future because I mismatched the base types of the stain and poly? Can I apply water-based polyurethane over an oil based stain? Water-based polys use an acrylic resin just like water-based paints. There are as many different formulas for stain and water borne polys as their are such existing. Wipe down the stained surface using a soft, lint-free cloth dampened Another method that you might want to try is to wipe or brush in only one directions, instead of back and forth, then allow the coating to dry. Wait 8 hours before applying Water Based Polyurethane over stain. Longer answer: if you wait for the oil-based stain to properly 'dry' (cure) it's no longer oily. These two products, whichever you choose will guarantee your wooden structure a much-improved look. Water-based polyurethane is clear, low-odor and has a quick drying time.It is recommended for surfaces that see little exposure to heat or the elements, such as desks, bookcases and end tables. Almost everyone is slightly different. I'd like to use a water-based polyurethane over a staircase I stained last night with a Sherwin Williams oil-based stain to avoid yellowing. There are as many different formulas for stain and water borne polys as their are such existing. Oil and water don't mix. Water-based polyurethane is, on the other hand, thinner but harder. Just ruined an entire set of shelves I built because I followed this advice. OTHER TIPS: - Oil based finishes amber over time. Rent a power buffer and buy a fine (150-grit) screen. This color difference is less noticeable over a stained hardwood floor, but an oil based poly will still exhibit an amber hue that will continue to darken over time. Yes! We'll help you decide. 3. After the shellac dries, a light scuff-sand will leave an excellent surface for the poly to grip. Some are sort of non-drying, and remain oily to the touch. The two major types of polyurethane are oil-based and water-based, each of which has different advantages. NOTE: A lot of people tend to think that water-based poly does not last as long as its oil-based counterpart; it’s not entirely true. I recently finished a dresser top in a very light gray oil based stain. Why do we use approximate in the present and estimated in the past? A lot depends on the wood, the weather and how long you left it on before wiping it off. Water-based polyurethane versions dry much more quickly, are a bit more self-leveling, and have less odor when applying than oil-based versions. Water based poly super sensitive scratches white with simply grazing it? This difference makes the water-based formula favorable when it comes to applications where retaining the original color of the surface is paramount. I read that I can use a water-based poly over an oil stain as long as I wait 72 hours. And actually, the answer is YES—you can use our EMTECH water-based sealer or top coat over the oil stain. This can also be used to speed up the process because the shellac can go directly onto oiled wood without waiting for the oil to dry. I am staining some spruce with Minwax Oilbased Dark Walnut Stain. The beauty of all our water-based sealers and topcoats is that they’ll level and adhere to whatever solvent- or oil-based stain you’ve used. (Photo Included). Oil-based polyurethanes leave an amber glow and require fewer coats. it is possible to do just that under certain conditions.. So there’s no need to go oil on oil simply because your stain is oil-based. On the downside, water-based poly tends to raise the grain of the wood, is susceptible to watermarks, and can be temperamental when applied over some wood stains. Water-based polyurethane is the most popular because it contains low odor and a small number of toxins. Find out which finish is best for your project, water-based or oil-based polyurethane. apply 3 coats of the Minwax Water Based Polyurethane per label Some still insist that durability is the main deciding factor between water based & oil based polyurethane. The Difference Between Water-Based Polyurethane and Oil-Based Polyurethane. Cost: Cost is the significant difference between these two based and o amazing formulas. You can also use. Oil-based polyurethane can withstand extreme temperatures which makes it a good choice for exterior surfaces and furniture. I recommend using a barrier coat for a water based polyurethane over oil stains do to adhesion problems. Because water based polyurethanes only contain 30-35% solids (vs. oil based contain 45-50%) solids, you will need to add more coats of water based poly. 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